It’s difficult to believe that about 300 years ago people used to provide majority of things for themselves – we grew and made our own food and used animals for demanding jobs. We used our creativity and handcraft skills to produce shoes and clothes.
1st Industrial Revolution
The First Industrial Revolution began in the 18th century with invention of industrial use of steam power. This mechanisation of production has changed the world. Home production of goods have been transferred to factories powered by steam engines, which were fuelled by coal and oil. This, in turn, increased human productivity and work standardisation. People began to move from farms to cities. Growth of textile industry and the international trade was possible due to development of rail and maritime routes. The new forms of transportation meant that goods and people could move greater distances in fewer hours.
2nd Industrial Revolution
The Second Industrial Revolution began in the 19th century following the discovery of electricity and assembly line production. This era saw mass migration of people from farms to cities. Other inventions like the telegraph allowed people to communicate from distant location and keep in touch.
3rd Industrial Revolution
The Third Industrial Revolution began in the ’70s through development of both: mainframe and personal computers as well as the Internet. Partial automation using controls and computers allowed further productivity increase. Since the introduction of these technologies, it was now possible to automate an entire production process without human assistance.
4th Industrial Revolution